2 edition of Review of U.S. policy in the Middle East found in the catalog.
Review of U.S. policy in the Middle East
Richard W. Murphy
1988 by U.S. Dept. of State, Bureau of Public Affairs, Office of Public Communications, Editorial Division in Washington, D.C .
Written in English
|Other titles||Review of US policy in the Middle East|
|Statement||Richard W. Murphy|
|Series||Current policy -- no. 1097|
|Contributions||United States. Dept. of State. Office of Public Communication. Editorial Division|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||3,  p. ;|
Two factors influenced this perspective: oil and communism. In the Middle East, the U. Mead rejects any antisemitic intent in the work, but feels that the authors left themselves open to the charge through "easily avoidable lapses in judgment and expression. But Brooks shows that, despite the controls, women have still pressed for and gained some advantages, including the abolition of Koranic law in Tunisia, where women won the right to equal pay in ; the vibrant political culture of women in Iran; and the small social insurgencies of women in Saudi Arabia.
The US should support sustainable economic development in the Islamic world, so that the benefits of foreign investment and globalization can be more fairly distributed with minimal social disruption. Recently, the U. The problem, in such a case, is that many of the gains made by Afghans will be lost, and their sacrifices over nearly 20 years worth nought. Inwhen Israel, Britain, and France attacked Egypt after Egypt nationalized the Suez Canal, a furious Eisenhower not only refused to join the hostilities, he ended the war.
The credibility of his democracy campaign was short-lived. We share the oil of Iraq and Kuwait. After the Syrian civil war erupted inthe US and its Gulf allies backed disparate rebel forces. We may receive commissions on purchases made from our chosen links. The massive aid to Israel is in effect a huge entitlement that enriches the relatively prosperous Israelis at the cost of the American taxpayer. Foreign Policy", was highly controversial.
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The flip side of those denunciations were his ardent calls for war on Iraq to give the Middle East a good dose of modernism. The US-led overthrow of the constitutional government in Iran in and subsequent support for the Shah's brutal dictatorship succeeded in crushing that country's democratic opposition, resulting in a revolution led by hard-line Islamic clerics.
However, the US has traditionally rejected the international consensus and currently takes a position more closely resembling that of Israel's right-wing government: supporting a Jerusalem under largely Israeli sovereignty, encouraging only partial withdrawal from the occupied territories, allowing for the confiscation of Palestinian land and the construction of Jewish-only settlements and rejecting an independent state Palestine outside of Israeli strictures.
In countries like Jordan, Turkey, and Yemen, where Islamic parties have been allowed to compete in a relatively open political process, they have generally played a responsible - if somewhat conservative - role in the political system.
After a discotheque bombing in West Berlin was traced to Libya, the U. At the same time, there is an enormous amount of cynicism regarding US motives in waging that war. There are also some Islamic movements in the Middle East today that are indeed reactionary, violent, misogynist and include a virulently anti-American perspective that is antithetical to perceived American interests.
He is unapologetic for his Western-centered perspective on Arab and Islamic history, and quite enthusiastic in his denunciations of intellectual and political stupor in the Arab world. Meanwhile, a military strongman called Saddam Hussein was rising through the ranks in Iraq.
Over the past 30 years, the Palestine Liberation Organization, under the leadership of Yasir Arafat, has evolved from frequent acts of terrorism and the open call for Israel's destruction to supporting the international consensus for a two-state solution.
The remarkable tour-de-force here is that Fisk's first-hand reporting is his most primary source for almost everything beginning in the mids: Fisk, who now writes for Britain's Independent, is the longest-serving western correspondent in the Middle East. Equally worried were workers in the Iranian oil industry, when they experienced the economic effect of the sanctions on Iranian oil exports which Mosaddeq's policies had resulted in, and riots were happening across Iran.
Continued U. Just a lucid, clear-eyed narrative of Islam's origins, its seemingly confusing branching out geographically and spirituallyand its modern-day fragmentation.
There are numerous citations and iterations of U. The US should support sustainable economic development in the Islamic world, so that the benefits of foreign investment and globalization can be more fairly distributed with minimal social disruption.
The United States has been greatly concerned in recent years over the rise of radical Islamic movements in the Middle East. In addition, Iraq's middle class, which would most likely have formed the political force capable of overthrowing Saddam's regime, has been reduced to penury.
The United States' creeping involvement in the Middle East began later, during the Truman administration, and continued through the 21st century. This past spring, for example, the US vetoed an otherwise-unanimous resolution which would have dispatched unarmed human rights monitors to the Israeli occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip.
In addition, US officials have stated that sanctions would remain even if Iraq complied with United Nations inspectors, giving the Iraqi regime virtually no incentive to comply.
Nor should it be. He tried to institute many Western social reforms by decree, and his secret police, SAVAKviciously silenced opposition voices. A member of the U. In addition to the many Jews who died struggling to create the new state, many Arabs were killed -- and hundreds of thousands of Arabs were either displaced by Jewish settlers from areas where they had been living or became unwilling citizens of Israel.
The Shah, fearing for his personal security, fled the country but nominated General Fazlollah Zahedi as new Prime Minister. Absolutely not. They advanced as far as Beirut, the Lebanese capital city, before Reagan, who had condoned the invasion, intervened to demand a cease-fire.
Are they primarily responsible for U. No US president could easily countenance such a loss of influence — nor the loss of lucrative Arab world investments and weapons sales. As long as US military, diplomatic and economic support of the Israeli government remains unconditional despite Israel's ongoing violation of human rights, international law and previous agreements with the Palestinians, there is no incentive for the Israeli government to change its policies.TEN THINGS TO KNOW ABOUT U.S.
POLICY IN THE MIDDLE EAST by Stephen Zunes AlterNet Septeber 26, from the book Another World Is Possible edited by Jee Kim, Jeremy Glick, et al. On March 9,Michael Oren addressed The Washington Institute's Special Policy Forum.
A historian and senior fellow at the Shalem Center in Jerusalem, Dr. Oren authored the recent bestseller Power, Faith, and Fantasy: America in the Middle East, to the atlasbowling.com following is a rapporteur's summary of his remarks.
The Middle East Policy Council is a nonprofit organization whose mission is to contribute to American understanding of the political, economic and cultural issues that affect U.S.
interests in. The Iran Agenda: The Real Story of U.S. Policy and the Middle East Crisis Reese Erlich, Author, foreword by Robert Scheer. PoliPointPress $ (p) ISBN It's a history of oil on all continents, not just the Middle East. But as such, it is also forcibly a history of the Middle East's most powerful economic and political engine of the 20th century.
Yergin's conversational style is a good fit whether he's explaining "OPEC's Imperium". Dec 26, · Best Books on the Middle East, the Aardvark Awards for the Best Books on the Middle East: Book of placing oil not only at the center of U.S. foreign policy and the evolution of.